ill health

types: show 133 types… hide 133 types… dyscrasia

an abnormal or physiologically unbalanced state of the body

illness, malady, sickness, unwellness

impairment of normal physiological function affecting part or all of an organism


chronic ill health


gastric distress caused by a disorder of the liver or gall bladder


the pathological state resulting from the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms


any deviation from a healthy or normal condition


a condition of suffering or distress due to ill health

harm, hurt, injury, trauma

any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.

softness, unfitness

poor physical condition; being out of shape or out of condition (as from a life of ease and luxury)


an illness, disease, or other medical problem


abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues


abnormally high alkalinity (low hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues

anchylosis, ankylosis

abnormal adhesion and rigidity of the bones of a joint

arteriectasia, arteriectasis

an abnormal distension of an artery


a pathology or abnormality of a joint

asynergia, asynergy

absence of coordination of organs or body parts that usually work together harmoniously

asystole, cardiac arrest, cardiopulmonary arrest

absence of systole; failure of the ventricles of the heart to contract (usually caused by ventricular fibrillation) with consequent absence of the heart beat leading to oxygen lack and eventually to death


presence of multiple diverticula in the walls of the colon


excessive discharge of liquid from a cavity or organ (as in watery diarrhea)

blood dyscrasia

any abnormal condition of the blood


a fit of shivering or shaking


a disorder characterized by deposit of amyloid in organs or tissues; often secondary to chronic rheumatoid arthritis or tuberculosis or multiple myeloma

anuresis, anuria

inability to urinate

catastrophic illness

severe illness requiring prolonged hospitalization or recovery; usually involves high costs for hospitals and doctors and medicines

collapse, prostration

an abrupt failure of function or complete physical exhaustion

aeroembolism, air embolism, bends, caisson disease, decompression sickness, gas embolism

pain resulting from rapid change in pressure


a pathological condition resulting from an excessive intake of fluorine (usually from drinking water)

food poisoning, gastrointestinal disorder

illness caused by poisonous or contaminated food


a disturbance in the synthesis of immunoglobulins; proteins having antibody activity increase greatly in the blood


repetitive nonmeaningful speech (especially that associated with a trance state or religious fervor)

lead poisoning, plumbism, saturnism

toxic condition produced by the absorption of excessive lead into the system


an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning


any disease of the blood vessels or lymph ducts

brain damage

injury to the brain that impairs its functions (especially permanently); can be caused by trauma to the head, infection, hemorrhage, inadequate oxygen, genetic abnormality, etc.


loss of the ability to swallow

stenosis, stricture

abnormal narrowing of a bodily canal or passageway


the formation of atheromas on the walls of the arteries as in atherosclerosis


accumulation of serous fluid in peritoneal cavity


absence of an enzyme

bacteremia, bacteriaemia, bacteriemia

transient presence of bacteria (or other microorganisms) in the blood

induration, sclerosis

any pathological hardening or thickening of tissue


pathology in which fat accumulates in lipomas in the body


the formation of stones (calculi) in an internal organ


excessive movement; especially excessive motility of the gastrointestinal tract


a slight illness


an infestation with or a resulting infection caused by the pinworm Enterobius vermicularis; occurs especially in children

felon, whitlow

a purulent infection at the end of a finger or toe in the area surrounding the nail

focal infection

bacterial infection limited to a specific organ or region especially one causing symptoms elsewhere

cross infection, nonsocial infection

an infection that is acquired at a hospital or other healthcare facility

opportunistic infection

any infection caused by a microorganism that does not normally cause disease in humans; occurs in persons with abnormally functioning immune systems (as AIDS patients or transplant patients receiving immunosuppressive drugs)


infection in the tissues adjacent to a nail on a finger or toe

protozoal infection

any infection caused by a protozoan

respiratory infection, respiratory tract infection

any infection of the respiratory tract

itch, scabies

a contagious skin infection caused by the itch mite; characterized by persistent itching and skin irritation

bilharzia, bilharziasis, schistosomiasis

an infestation with or a resulting infection caused by a parasite of the genus Schistosoma; common in the tropics and Far East; symptoms depend on the part of the body infected


the presence of pus-forming bacteria or their toxins in the blood or tissues


an open skin infection


abnormal formation of cartilage from other tissues; observed in some Asians

staphylococcal infection

an infection with staphylococcus bacteria; usually marked by abscess formation

septic sore throat, strep throat, streptococcal sore throat, streptococcus tonsilitis, throat infection

an infection of the oral pharynx and tonsils by streptococcus

eye infection, hordeolum, sty, stye

an infection of the sebaceous gland of the eyelid


infection that occurs while you are being treated for another infection


secondary infection caused by an opportunistic infection

tapeworm infection

intestinal infection by a species of parasitic tapeworm; usually the result of eating inadequately cooked meat or fish

lockjaw, tetanus

an acute and serious infection of the central nervous system caused by bacterial infection of open wounds; spasms of the jaw and laryngeal muscles may occur during the late stages


infection caused by parasites transmitted to humans from infected cats; if contracted by a pregnant woman it can result in serious damage to the fetus

viral infection, virus infection

infection by a virus that is pathogenic to humans

ozone sickness

illness that can occur to persons exposed to ozone in high-altitude aircraft; characterized by sleepiness and headache and chest pains and itchiness

toxaemia, toxaemia of pregnancy, toxemia, toxemia of pregnancy

an abnormal condition of pregnancy characterized by hypertension and edema and protein in the urine


a closed sac that develops abnormally in some body structure

adenomyosis, endometriosis

the presence of endometrium elsewhere than in the lining of the uterus; causes premenstrual pain and dysmenorrhea


abnormal union of bodily tissues; most common in the abdomen

bronzed diabetes, hemochromatosis, iron overload, iron-storage disease

pathology in which iron accumulates in the tissues; characterized by bronzed skin and enlarged liver and diabetes mellitus and abnormalities of the pancreas and the joints

infarct, infarction

localized necrosis resulting from obstruction of the blood supply


the presence of macrocytes in the blood


development of excess fibrous connective tissue in an organ


a state of abnormal softening of tissue

mastopathy, mazopathy

any pathology of the breast


any pathology of the peripheral nerves


any pathology of the muscles that is not attributable to nerve dysfunction


abnormal loss of bony tissue resulting in fragile porous bones attributable to a lack of calcium; most common in postmenopausal women


condition in which the penis is continually erect; usually painful and seldom with sexual arousal

demineralisation, demineralization

abnormal loss of mineral salts (especially from bone)

pyorrhea, pyorrhoea

discharge of pus

azotaemia, azotemia, uraemia, uremia

accumulation in the blood of nitrogenous waste products (urea) that are usually excreted in the urine


excess of urea in the urine


any localized abnormal structural change in a bodily part

deformity, malformation, misshapenness

an affliction in which some part of the body is misshapen or malformed


(pathology) an abnormal proliferation of tissue (as in a tumor)


chronic abnormal enlargement of the lymph nodes (usually associated with disease)

birth trauma

physical injury to an infant during the birth process

blast trauma

injury caused the explosion of a bomb (especially in enclosed spaces)

bleeding, haemorrhage, hemorrhage

the flow of blood from a ruptured blood vessel

blunt trauma

injury incurred when the human body hits or is hit by a large outside object (as a car)

bruise, contusion

an injury that doesn’t break the skin but results in some discoloration


a lump on the body caused by a blow


an injury caused by exposure to heat or chemicals or radiation


a displacement of a part (especially a bone) from its normal position (as in the shoulder or the vertebral column)

electric shock

trauma caused by the passage of electric current through the body (as from contact with high voltage lines or being struck by lightning); usually involves burns and abnormal heart rhythm and unconsciousness

break, fracture

breaking of hard tissue such as bone

cryopathy, frostbite

destruction of tissue by freezing and characterized by tingling, blistering and possibly gangrene


entry of foreign matter into a blood vessel

penetrating injury, penetrating trauma

injury incurred when an object (as a knife or bullet or shrapnel) penetrates into the body


an injury resulting from getting some body part squeezed


state of being torn or burst open

bite, insect bite, sting

a painful wound caused by the thrust of an insect’s stinger into skin


injury to a muscle (often caused by overuse); results in swelling and pain

whiplash, whiplash injury

an injury to the neck (the cervical vertebrae) resulting from rapid acceleration or deceleration (as in an automobile accident)

wale, weal, welt, wheal

a raised mark on the skin (as produced by the blow of a whip); characteristic of many allergic reactions

lesion, wound

an injury to living tissue (especially an injury involving a cut or break in the skin)

pull, twist, wrench

a sharp strain on muscles or ligaments

gangrene, slough, sphacelus

necrotic tissue; a mortified or gangrenous part or mass


abnormally high amounts of bile pigment (bilirubin) in the blood


a pathological condition in which a word is rapidly and involuntarily repeated


an abnormal backward flow of body fluids


discharge from the external ear

vaccina, vaccinia, variola vaccina, variola vaccine, variola vaccinia

a local infection induced in humans by inoculation with the virus causing cowpox in order to confer resistance to smallpox; normally lasts three weeks and leaves a pitted scar


any disease or malformation of the nose


accumulation of urine in the kidney because of an obstruction in the ureter


collapse of an expanded lung (especially in infants); also failure of pulmonary alveoli to expand at birth


abnormally low oxygen content in arterial blood


an uncontrollable use of obscene language; often accompanied by mental disorders


production of antibodies against the tissues of your own body; produces autoimmune disease or hypersensitivity reactions

debility, feebleness, frailness, frailty, infirmity, valetudinarianism

the state of being weak in health or body (especially from old age)

disability, disablement, handicap, impairment

the condition of being unable to perform as a consequence of physical or mental unfitness

disfunction, dysfunction

(medicine) any disturbance in the functioning of an organ or body part or a disturbance in the functioning of a social group


a chronic disease of unknown cause marked by the formation of nodules in the lungs and liver and lymph glands and salivary glands

carotenemia, xanthemia

excess carotene in the blood stream; can cause the skin to turn a pale yellow or red color


an abnormal state in which the normal flow of a liquid (such as blood) is slowed or stopped


any pathology of the urinary tract


pathological condition of being varicose or having varicose veins

viraemia, viremia

the presence of a virus in the blood stream


abnormal twisting of the intestines (usually in the area of the ileum or sigmoid colon) resulting in intestinal obstruction


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